Tuesday, June 30, 2020

Water, Water, Everywhere - Literature Essay Samples

In the novel Lord of the Flies, William Golding explores the savagery and bloodlust in humanity. Written right after the end of World War II, this narrative depicts roughly 40 children as they try to stay alive on a desert island in the middle of a new war. As the story progresses, the children turn to violence and fear to solve their problems, and in the midst of all the chaos and death, there is always the presence of water, like a beast lurking in the shadows. On the other hand, water enlightens and preservers life around the island, like a motherly figure. In Lord of the Flies, the prevalent water imagery expresses the theme that duality exists in everyone and everything. Water, like humanity, can quickly change from a placid and nurturing force to an agent of destruction. As Ralph and Jack, two 14-year-old boys who lead the rest of the boys, look for the beast, they stumble across a lagoon. They search for the beast in order to find and kill it to ensure the comfort and safety of the other kids. Golding says, â€Å"Then the sleeping leviathan breathed out the waters rose, the weed streamed, and the water boiled over the table rock with a roar. There was no sense of the passage of waves’ only this minute-long fall and rise and fall,† (Golding, 105). By describing the lagoon as a â€Å"sleeping leviathan†, Golding shows the immense power contained in the water. Leviathan is an ancient sea monster, and just like any monster, it has the ability to change the entire landscape in a minute. The sleeping leviathan represents everyday society as we go through our daily lives. The breathing in and out of water serves as a metaphor for the beginning and end of each day. Golding writes, â€Å"There was no sense of the passage of waves,† just like we lose our sense of the passage of time as we go throughout our day. The â€Å"minute-long fall and rise† shows the repetition of societal life. On the other hand, this sleeping leviathan can wake up and suddenly let out its anger, just as humanity lets out its anger during national or international crisis. In the middle of the night, Simon, a 12-year old kid, finds out that the beast is a pig head on a stick. He decides to run and tell the others, but they mistaken him as the beast and brutally rip him apart. Immediately afterwards, rain starts destroying the island. Golding says, â€Å"Then the clouds opened and let down the rain like a waterfall. The water bounded from the mountaintop, tore leaves and branches from the trees, poured like a cold shower over the struggling heap on the sand,† (Golding, 153). The rain represents the anger and destruction b rought on by the children as they kill Simon. The rain is so powerful that it â€Å"tore leaves and branches from the trees†. In contrast to the sleeping giant, this leviathan is fully awake. Ironically, the children cause the immense rain to fall because they slaughter Simon. Their anger leads to their own demise and death. These actions relate to World War 2 because the Nazis’ anger and hatred only lead to the destruction of their empire in the end. The Allies of the war are the raindrops that break the life of the island, similar to the bombings in Germany. Golding suggests that when something as bad as the death of innocent life happens, moral society will take a stand and fight for its rights. Water calls into contrast a grievous death, and a shocking death, similar to those of World War II. As the other children walk away from the scene of the crime, Simon lies dead on the beach. Golding describes the movement of his body like a funeral progression. He writes, â€Å"†¦the advancing clearness was full of strange, moonbeam-bodied creatures with fiery eyes†¦ The body lifted a fraction of an inch from the sand and a bubble of air escaped from the mouth with a wet plop†¦Softly, surrounded by a fringe of inquisitive bright creatures, itself a silver shape beneath the steadfast constellations, Simon’s dead body moved out toward the open sea,† (Golding, 154). Golding describes Simon’s death similar to death of a war hero. Additionally, the â€Å"moonbeam-bodied creatures† represent the honoring of this hero; they honor him by taking him back to the sea, identical to the funeral progression of a war hero as other soldiers put the hero in a casket. On the other hand, the creatures cannot show their anger during this ceremony and must contain their anger in their â€Å"fiery eyes.† While Simon’s death symbolizes a funeral, Piggy’s death shows the quick and surprising death on the battlefield. After Jack takes control of the rest of the children, Ralph decides to confront him and reestablish peace. However, in doing so, Jack becomes angry and throws a rock at Ralph. Jack misses, but he hits Piggy instead. Golding says, â€Å"Piggy fell forty feet and landed on his back across the square red rock in the sea†¦Then the sea breathed again in a long, slow sigh, the water boiled white and pink over the rock; and when it went, sucking back again, the body of Piggy was gone,† (Golding, 181). The â€Å"long, slow sigh† of the sea represents the immediate grief felt as Piggy dies. Also, unlike Simon’s death where there were creatures to help him, Piggy just gets swept away. This qui ck death symbolizes the death on the battlefield; during World War II, many soldiers were similarly killed and quickly forgotten, because there were too many to count. Water becomes the struggle between the future and the present. As Ralph, walks across the beaches of the island, he thinks to himself. Golding writes, â€Å"Suddenly, pacing by the water, he was overcome with astonishment. He found himself understanding the wearisomeness of this life, where every path was an improvisation and a considerable part of one’s waking life was spent watching one’s feet,† (Golding, 76). Just like the continuous change of the ocean, Ralph must change his outlook on life in order to survive on the island. He sees his own future in the sand as it shifts back and forth by the tidal waves. Ralph also realizes the unpredictability of life and how, since it is always changing, is impossible to anticipate. Additionally, the â€Å"improvisation† of each path symbolizes the quick adjustments he must make. Just like improvisation in art or music, he cannot prepare for the distant future, and can only adapt to the present. This statement also explains why Golding believes so much time is, â€Å"spent watching one’s feet.† By spending so much time looking down at one’s own feet, Golding suggests that people can only prepare for the present because the future is constantly changing. Ralph represents our everyday journey through life, and each path ahead is the future. Moreover, the waves illustrate the unexpected shifts in each path ahead. Within everything, there is a balance. In times of war, this balance can quickly shift to one side as countries cry out for hope and soldiers pile up. Golding expresses the fluidity of war, and, like the tides, the constant changes of the war. However, he still illustrates the consistent adjustments we make in our everyday lives. Water not only symbolizes the duality of life, but it also shows its fluid and ever-changing nature.

Thursday, May 21, 2020

Conflict Between A Register Nurse And A License Practice...

As human being we all think, feel, behave and perceive life in different ways as we all have different expectations. Conflict is part of life and it can be part of any situation. Especially in nursing field where working as a team is highly emphasized, every member of the team collaborate together in order to meet patient needs and improve patient outcomes. That being said, nurses have to collaborate with coworkers that have different social groups, ethnic, and educational backgrounds. This paper will give a synapsis about a disagreement that happens between a register nurse (RN) and a license practice nurse (LPN) in a forty bed medical surgical unit with sufficient staff coverage with RNs LPNs and UAPs. As the manager of this unit, while†¦show more content†¦She make the assumption that LPN has â€Å"completely ignored† her. The issue was approach from a criticizing angle that immediately lead to a defensive response by the LPN. The RN did not asked the reason why th is LPN was not able to help the patient but she jumped in the conclusion that the LPN was not helping her in purpose. Furthermore, in this tensioned situation it seems like there is process conflict between two of the nurses. Huber, 2015 defines process conflict as a â€Å"conflict pertains to issues of duty and resource delegation, such as who should what and how much responsibility different people should have† (p. 172). This confusion between the team members it is revealed sentences when the RN tells the LPN that â€Å"it was your job, you are assigned to Mrs. J. And the LPN responds to here that â€Å"I do my own work and part of yours.† To better assist patient in medical field, nurses might collaborate and work in team. The RN is fully competent in delegating the appropriate tasks to LPN or UAP, yet she has to make sure to transmit her tasks by using clear communication, being concise on what she wants to be completed, and within what time frame the task has t o be completed. She can delegate certain tasks to other staff members such as LPN or UAP; however, she is accountable for what happens to the patient. Both the nurse delegator and the delegate must agree in the task and report back the completion

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Recognize an Ethical Issue (Software Sharing) - 1119 Words

Case Study 2: Software Sharing Recognize an Ethical Issue 1. Is there something wrong personally, interpersonally, or socially? Could the conflict, the situation, or the decision be damaging to people or to the community? 2. Does the issue go beyond legal or institutional concerns? What does it do to people, who have dignity, rights, and hopes for a better life together? The software sharing is certainly an ethical issue, since the company is merely non-existing with no more information available. Personally Jim and I should not share or the program even though the program is out of print. Socially illegal use of the program for business purposes will potentially hurt business client, in which deserve a legal software usage. The†¦show more content†¦However, this solution will be difficult to Jim since he has buy his computer and buying a new one will directly affect his cash flow. 9. Which option would help all participate more fully in the life we share as a family, community, society? Common Good Approach: The ethical action is the one that contributes most to the achievement of a quality common life together. Let Jim to use my computer in my place will be an ethical decision that will produce biggest achievement of a quality common life together. 10. Would you want to become the sort of person who acts this way (e.g., a person of courage or compassion)? Virtue Approach: The ethical action is the one that embodies the habits and values of humans at their best. Jim should not even thinking of using my computer in my place and he should make a research to find other program options. Even though he will spend more money and probably make a lost in this project, he has to respect program C maker, me and his client by not letting them run into legal issues. Make a Decision and Test It 11. Considering all these perspectives, which of the options is the right or best thing to do? By letting Jim to use my computer in my place with prior efforts to do best in contacting program C software maker, this is the best ethical action can be done. 12. If you told someone you respect why you chose this option, whatShow MoreRelatedEssay Intellectual Property and Copyrights Issues in China1536 Words   |  7 PagesIntellectual Property and Copyrights Issues in China 1. Introduction China had made great improvement in deregulation and had complied with its obligations to follow rules and agreements such as Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) as a new member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) since 2001. TRIPS introduced intellectual property rules into the multilateral trading system. It ensures that computer programs will be protected as literary works underRead More Cultural Values and Personal Ethics Paper1361 Words   |  6 Pagesvalues are the beliefs of a human group that one can identify. Cultural value is the newest terminology which is used in literature on international relationships and economics. Individuals acting in an organization take on an additional burden of ethical responsibility. For example, organizations have codes of ethics that prescribe required behavior within the context of a professional practice such as medicine, law, accounting, or engineering. These written codes provide rules of conduct and standardsRead MoreAjax Digital Information Code of Ethics Essay1404 Words   |  6 PagesInformation Code of Ethics Not sharing name South University ITS1103 Ethics Information Technology August,13,2013 ADI Ajax Digital Information Code of Ethics We at Ajax Digital Information take pride in the professional appearance and actions of our employees. This is why we expect each one of our employees to uphold the highest moral standards while working at our establishment or accessing company data. Ajax Digital Information recognizes the threat of unethical activitiesRead MoreMicrosoft Corporation Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen on April 4, 1975 to1500 Words   |  6 PagesWashington, that develops, manufactures, licenses, supports and sells computer software, consumer electronics and personal computers and services. Its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, Microsoft Office suite, and Internet Explorer web browser. Its flagship hardware products are Xbox game console and the Microsoft Surface series of tablets. It is the worlds largest software maker measured by revenues. 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Although these acquisitions have proven to be one of the most important means of growth for their business, I also believe that through these acquisitions and the lack of software integrations, Oxford Industries may be opening themselves up for failure down the road. Yes, acquisitions offer a host of advantages, such as: easier financing for future undertakings and immediate savings due to economies of this scale, the elimination

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Islamic Muslims And Radical Islamic Terrorists Essay

There is a lot of fear surrounding the events currently taking place in the Middle East. People see Radical Islam as an immediate danger, and assume that all practicing Muslims are just as violent, and share those beliefs and unhinged views. However, these thoughts hold no veracity, and people need to be able to differentiate practicing Muslims with radical Islamic terrorists. The values and ideas promoted by Radical Islam are not in any way supported by true Islamic citizens. The Muslim religion has been through a lot of strife. Muslims have engaged in civil wars between Sunni and Shiah forces for over hundreds of years. Over the course of that time there has been distinct lines drawn and it is known that there is conflict between the two sects. But Radical Islam takes this to a new level as they contort the Muslim religion and fracture into different categories. There is one center goal, and it is to create a caliphate and to destroy anyone that doesn’t agree with their mind set. Very little of the population is truly aware of the history of the religion of Islam, or conflict in the Middle East for that matter. The partition in the Muslim religion between Sunni and Shiah, stems from an argument over who the true successor of Muhammad is. The Shiah sect believes that the successor to Muhammad was his son-in-law Ali, while the Sunnis disagree. This divide has created an immense amount of internal discord between Sunni and Shiahs. This has led to years of violence, hatred,Show MoreRelatedMedia Portrayal of Islam Essay760 Words   |  4 Pagessuppressor of women, enemy of Western nations, and breeder of terrorists. The West has many stereotypes and misconceptions about Islam that are due to the media, prejudice, and ignorance. Islam is often seen as an extremist or terrorist religion. Often, the medias reports about Islam are incorrect due to ignorance or not wanting to acknowledge its true teachings. This is one of the reasons why Westerners are often wary of Muslims. In contrast to what the media portrays, Islam is a peacefulRead MoreThe Islamic State Of Iraq And Al Sham1550 Words   |  7 PagesIn his autobiography ‘Radical’, Maajid Nawaz, a former member of the radical Islamist organization, Hizb al-Tahrir (HT), outlines the differences between Islam, Islamism, and Jihadism, three different concepts that are key in understanding radical groups within the Muslim world. Firstly, Nawaz defines Islam quite simply; it is a religion, defined similarly to all other faiths. Islamism, on the other hand, is defined as â€Å"the desire to impose Islam over society as law†. It is an ideological thoughtRead MoreCompare and Contrast Criminal Terrorism1145 Words   |  5 Pagesmotivation of the Islamic Jihad Group. Included is a response to how the knowledge of the Islamic Jihad Group’s motivation might assist in planning counter terrorist strategy. 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Essay about Outlaw Euthanasia and Assisted Suicides

Outlaw Euthanasia and Assisted Suicides The people of the world today are constantly slammed with problems. There’s overpopulated countries, starving children, incurable diseases, and poverty. There’re drunk drivers on the road, burglars in our homes, and teenagers on the streets. No matter how many positive aspects you can think of for our world, these problems and many more exist. You can try to block them out, or you can strive to make them better. My proposal is to end euthanasia and physician assisted suicides. I believe that this treatment of life is wrong, and can be solved in other ways. Victims of depression, dementia, terminal illnesses, and personal reasons individuals find to die should not be relieved of their†¦show more content†¦Ali Khalili had told his doctor that â€Å"the quality of his life had been compromised by an anxiety state.† Kevorkian assisted them all to die (Death 4). These people represent the extent of discrimination that exists in our society. With appropriate t reatment and services, many of them would be alive and well today. My proposal to end this treatment of terminating lives is to outlaw it, and not just in the United States, but everywhere. I believe people have the right to do as they please, but suicide is an action that should be prevented in every way possible, not assisted for success. As far as I am aware, all countries outlaw the sale and use of heroin. There is no right to sell heroin. There is no right to take heroin. These are just a couple of things for which no legal right exists. To people who say that physician-assisted suicide is a right, as if that should be the end of all discussion and debate, I say there are many things that are not rights. Many of these are ones that would hurt the individual for whom you claim these rights. Yes, there are cases where society must protect people from themselves, whether from addiction to harmful drugs, compulsive gambling, or from a depression or other mental ailment that dictates that they destroy their own lives. Assisted suicides and euthanasi a are two rights that people should not have, and I believe the right shouldn’t even be considered. If the idea of assisted suicides wasShow MoreRelatedArgumentative Essay On Euthanasia754 Words   |  4 PagesEuthanasia In 1478-1535 euthanasia was first mentioned in the book â€Å"utopia† by sir Thomas More. The utopian priests encouraged euthanasia when a patient is terminally ill or dying. The earliest American statute explicitly to outlaw assisted suicide was enacted in NewYork 1828. Until the end of the nineteenth century euthanasia was regarded as a peaceful death and art of accomplishment, it was often referred to as â€Å"de euthanasia medica prolusion†. (life.org) When a person commits an act of euthanasiaRead MoreAssisted Suicide And The Euthanasia Movement1273 Words   |  6 PagesAssisted Suicide Imagine being in enough excruciating pain for a long enough time and deciding that even dying would be better. Assisted suicide is affecting more people around the world every day; either under agreeable or disagreeable terms, depending on each person’s opinion. What is assisted suicide and why is controversy over this topic still here after at least 1,500 years of existence (A Merciful End: The Euthanasia Movement in Modern America)? There are many factors to consider whenRead MoreThe Debate About Euthanasia And Euthanasia1631 Words   |  7 PagesThe debates about euthanasia date all the way back to the 12th century. During this time, Christian values increased the public’s opinion against euthanasia. The church taught its followers that euthanasia not only injured individual people and their communities, but also violated God’s authority over life. This idea spread far and wide throughout the public until the 18th century when the renaissance and reforma tion writers attacked the church and its teachings. However, the public did not pay muchRead MoreEuthanasi The Issue Of Legalizing Euthanasia1662 Words   |  7 PagesLegalization of Euthanasia Ata Dogan Student Sheridan College Abstract This paper examines how countries around the world have dealt with euthanasia as an upcoming issue. Looking into the stances, arguments and opinions surrounding the issue of legalizing Euthanasia. It goes into detail about why citizens are requesting legalization and also reviews who are the people specifically that chose to be euthanized. Furthermore, it discusses the negative stance and the positive outcomes of this issue overRead MoreEuthanasi A Very Gentle And Easy Death1303 Words   |  6 PagesThe term Euthanasia is derived from the Greek words, Eu (good) and Thanatosis (death) meaning a very gentle and easy death. The definition of euthanasia has now come down to â€Å"the act or practice of killing or permitting the death of hopelessly sick or injured individuals (as persons or domestic animals) in a relatively painless way for reasons of mercy.† Therefore, this term can be also called â€Å"mercy killing†. In this sense euthanasia means the active or inactive death of a patient. This form ofRead MoreThe Killer of Hope: Euthanasia1076 Words   |  4 PagesWhen asked, â€Å"Why it is important to accept Euthanasia?† the answer is always about releasing patient from pain, but why take a naà ¯ve solution when there is hope? Take a second and think about how will a one say goodbye to the ones he love? The answer is obvious, it is impossible to let go of those we love. Hence, one should keep an open mind to the following lines whether you are against or for Euthanasia. Euthanasia or so called physician assisted death stand for intended cessation of person’s lifeRead MoreEuthanasia Is A Form Of Doctor Assisted Suicide1379 Words   |  6 PagesEuthanasia is a form of doctor assisted suicide. There are many different types of Euthanasia and all are currently illegal in the United States with the exception of the state of Oregon. When a patient is being Euthanized they can be given an injection intravenously which causes their dea th this is called Euthanasia by action. A person could also be assisted to death through euthanasia by omission; this is when the patient is not provided with the appropriate things such as food or water. Also patientsRead MoreEuthanasia Outline2346 Words   |  10 PagesEuthanasia:  the intentional killing by act or omission of a dependent human being for his or her alleged benefit. (The key word here is intentional. If death is not intended, it is not an act of euthanasia)   †¢ Voluntary euthanasia:  When the person who is killed has requested to be killed.   †¢ Non-voluntary:  When the person who is killed made no request and gave no consent.   †¢ Involuntary euthanasia:  When the person who is killed made an expressed wish to the contrary.   †¢ AssistedRead MoreOne Of The Main Supreme Court Cases Leading The Legalization1414 Words   |  6 PagesOne of the main supreme court cases leading the legalization of Physician-Assisted Suicide (PAS), which took place in the state of New York was the Vacco vs. Quill decided on June 26 1997. In this case Quill lost 0-9 when they challenged the Physician-Assisted Suicide (PAS) ban from New York as they stated that it violated the 14th amendment clause of Equal Protection. This lead to a debate whether passive euthanasia should be allowed which is when a patient refuses treatment and dies of a naturalRead MoreAssisted Suicide Should Be Option1691 Words   |  7 PagesAssisted Suicide Should Be Option Lauren Bacall once said, â€Å"A man’s illness is his private territory and, no matter how much he loves you and how close you are, you stay an outsider. You are healthy.† This quote makes the point that no one knows exactly what someone with an incurable illness is going through. We are all outsiders. So, who is to say, for example, physician assisted suicide should be illegal? If a person has the constitutional right to live then a person should have the right to choose

Travis Hirschi Social Bond Theory Free Essays

Protected* Populations – Examples include, but are not limited to: Children/Minors (under the age of 18) (Exception – projects conducted in established or commonly accepted educational settings involving normal educational practices. Contact IRB office for guidance. ) Prisoners (now includes non-publicly available secondary data) Pregnant women Fetuses and products of labor and delivery People with diminished capacity to give consent Mentally or physically challenged individuals *Sensitive Information – Examples include, but are not limited to: Information relating to an individual’s psychological well being or mental health Information relating to sexual attitudes, preferences, or practices Information relating to the use of alcohol or drugs Information relating to illegal behavior Information that if released could reasonably place the individual at risk of criminal or civil liability or be damaging to the individual’s financial standing, employability, or reputation Information that would normally be recorded in a patient’s medical record and the disclosure could reasonably lead to discrimination, stigmatization, etc. We will write a custom essay sample on Travis Hirschi Social Bond Theory or any similar topic only for you Order Now There are several categories of protected subjects. Children – Subpart D of the federal regulations protecting human subjects, incorporated in Georgetown’s policies, provides additional protections for children. Research with children as subjects can be exempt in only two instances: {text:list-item} {text:list-item} Prisoners – Subpart C to the governing regulations provides additional safeguards for prisoners as research subjects. Essentially, the regulations are designed to discourage the use of prisoners as subjects unless the research will materially affect the lives of prisoners. They are not, in other words, to be used as a captive population. An IRB that reviews a protocol with prisoners as subjects must have a prisoner representative on the committee. 3. A. Children Children are considered to be protected because their youth may make full understanding of the risks and benefits of a study impossible, making them unable to make a truly informed decision. Recognizing that regulations may vary from state to state and country to country, the IRB defines a child as any individual under the age of 18. If a study will occur in an area where different legal definitions exist, the researcher should incorporate this information into the proposal if he or she is seeking a waiver of requirements for this protected population. If the subjects of a study will be children, the researcher is expected to respect each child as an autonomous being. Consequently, the researcher must secure the assent of each child as well as the consent of the child’s parents / guardians or legal representatives. If a child cannot read, the consent process will need to be adapted to provide the information orally. Documentation of the child’s assent and the consent of parents or guardians must follow the guidelines for informed consent. Each class of subjects that one might consider to be incompetent, such as young children, should be considered on their own terms. â€Å"Respect† requires giving them the opportunity to choose whether to participate to the extent they are able to make a decision. Researchers are not required to obtain a child’s assent if the child is incapable of providing it. Each individual child’s ability to assent must be determined. In other words, researchers cannot assume that all children below a certain age are unable to assent. Even a very young child may be capable of understanding what is proposed and thus can agree or decline to participate. In rare instances, a child’s assent may not be required if the intervention or procedure is likely to benefit the well-being of the child directly and is available only in the context of the research. This situation occurs most frequently in biomedical research. In determining whether children are capable of assenting, the IRB will take into account the ages, maturity, and psychological state of the children involved. This judgment may be made for all children to be involved in research under a particular protocol, or for each child, as the IRB deems appropriate. When interacting with children, use language the child can understand and present concepts in a way the child can grasp. Researchers should also take care that the child does not feel pressured by the researcher as an adult (authority figure) or by the child’s parent, guardian, or legal representative—other authority figures. In studies that involve more than minimal risk, obtain consent from both parents, if possible. (See â€Å"Studies with *Children*—More than Minimal Risk. â€Å") For minimal risk studies, consent from one parent is sufficient. Consent from one parent is also permitted if a parent is deceased, unknown, incompetent, or not reasonably available, or if one parent has legal responsibility for the care and custody of the child. In the absence of a parent or parents able to give consent, consent may be given by a child’s legal guardian or legal representative. Children who are wards of the state or of any agency, institution, or other entity may participate in research only if the study (1) is related to the children’s status as wards, or (2) will be conducted in schools, camps, hospitals, institutions, or similar settings in which the majority of children involved as subjects are not wards (that is, the fact that an individual subject is a ward is incidental). In these situations, researchers must provide for the appointment of an advocate for each child who is a ward. The advocate is in addition to the child’s guardian or legal representative, and he or she must have the background and experience necessary to act in the best interests of the child for the duration of the child’s participation in the research. An individual may serve as advocate for more than one child; the advocate may not be associated in any way with the proposed research, the researcher(s), or the child’s guardian organization. (See 45CFR46, Subpart D. ) How to cite Travis Hirschi Social Bond Theory, Papers

Essay about the Business Law

Question: Write an essay about the business law. Answer: Introduction Business law is also known as the commercial law and it mainly studies about the different form of business rights, corporate links as well as the behavior of the individuals who are involved in the different types of business activities and also in commerce, merchandising as well as deal, and transaction. The concept of business law could also be stated as the proper branch of the civil law and is mainly estimated to deal with different form of public as well as private law (Bagley, et al 2011). The concept of business law is basically being utilised for the purpose of regulating the different kinds of corporate contracts, for the purpose of hiring new and developed form of business practices, also making use of the developed manufacturing and sales procedure in order to make various consumer goods. Many countries including the UK have introduced civil codes that are mostly likely to contain comprehensive statements in perspective of the business law. Part A: Highlighting the understanding of the Australian business law with its key and principles in significance to a particular business The Australian business laws are certain form of legal features in perspective of the different commercial activities that are relevant to the Australian important for various commercial or business lawyers. In the Australian law it is noticed that certain views in perspective of the elements of business law are brought up and mainly this Australian law does put effort on any particular business practices or regulations and policies of business (Callison, et al 2012). The authority of the United Kingdom has been found to enact various statues of law that are highly depended on the acquisition laid down of the country of Australia. The Australian business laws are different from that of UK in many perspectives. The legal institutions and traditions of the Australian law are estimated to be mono cultural in character and it mainly reflects the English origins. The Australian laws are basically being influenced by the different form of contemporary ideas, which establish a relation with the international law, with the concepts of sophism and also the private ownership. Later it was noticed that the constitution of the common wealth of Australia was actually an act of the British parliament. Later, Britains role in perspective of the government of Australia became increasingly demanding in the 20th century (Cane, et al 2012). The Australian law of system has been established on the concepts of different rule of law, justice made and the level of equality before law. The most vital principles of this law are fairness, equality before the law and the level of justice. Fairness- the concept of fairness helps in gaining certain level of outcomes for different people in perspective of the individual circumstances and would be considered appropriate to handle various forms of proceedings that mainly include individuals of different cultural background possessing certain form of disability (Cejnar, 2011). Equality- every individuals are supplied with the right to equality and they should be supplied with ample amount of opportunities, every people should be supplied with equal opportunities in gaining employment, and live comfortably. Basically through this principle it is noticed that all people should be supplied with the opportunity to make use of same form of legal outcomes in regard of inequality that still exist within Australian society (Cole, et al 2011). Justice- when justice is served it simply means that the punishments have been applied to generally accepted rights as well as responsibilities which are also found to provide equal as well as fair outcomes. Justice should be preserved because it reflects the various ethics and values of the society. In general compliance actually means certain level of conformation over the rules required by a business industry to perform in the business market. Compliance is law could be stated as some form of specification, policies and standards that should be followed by the business industries and organisations to manufacture goods and bring sale them in the market legally. The two most common form of compliance includes the regulatory compliance and the legal compliance (Friedman, 2011). Regulatory compliance basically illustrates the goals that are aspired by the business industry or organisations to gain. Regulatory compliance helps a business organisation to become highly aware from beforehand about the relevant laws and policies that would save the industry from facing serious risks in business. The approach of regulatory compliance is being used by business organisations so that they could become sure about the important government requirements which would further be helpful in achiev ing the business goals by making use of various resources. On the other hand, legal compliance are the various process that are basically utilised by organisations to make sure that industry do follow relevant business rules and carry on its performance. It has been identified that there are two different needs to become legally compliant among which first are the policies that are required to be very much consistent, and the second need is to make complete use of the legal policies (Hufnagel, et al 2012). The role of legal compliance in business perspective are now noticed to have been expanded and now it is highly being utilised for self monitoring and reviewing the nongovernmental behaviors of the business individuals which if not checked out would lead to workplace discretion. Therefore, for running a seafood restaurant at Sydney it has been very much vital for me and my family to consider the international standard food code. This includes various rules and regulations regardin g the use of various ingredients in making a dish with the seafood also including various rules in labeling the food, preparation of the seafood, knowing to perfectly audit the sea food and also knowing various ways of handling the seafood (Kraakman, 2009). Though the rules under standard food code are quite complex in nature, it has been utilised by us in running a restaurant of seafood because this helps us in maintaining the safety of the different consumers who come up to our restaurant to have various dishes of seafood. As per the Australian food act if me and my family would fail to comply with the food standard code we have to experience serious penalties like a penalty of $50,000 in perspective of the consumers who come up to our restaurant to have a taste over the seafood dishes and a penalty of $25,000 in perspective of the corporate body who had supplied us with the license of running the seafood restaurant. Part B: A discussion on the legal actions, remedies and penalties experienced in perspective of a wrong promise made under the Australian law In general under the Australian law, making a wrong promise by business companies in perspective of supplying products as required by the customers is actually a form of legal crime done by the particular business owner who had made a wrong promise. From the given case scenario of Manny and Bella who had been running a pizza business, it could be stated that the manger of Tuscan Ovens Pty. Ltd has done an intentional crime even after knowing that his products would not satisfy the requirements of many and Bella. Also it could be noticed that the manager of Tuscan Oven has committed a legally enforceable promise which he did not carry out (Latimer, 2012). For such cases a strict liability would help in recovering from the crimes that has been done by the manager of Tuscan Ovens and on the other hand the harm that has been caused on the customer that is on Manny and Bella would be able to recover from the loss they experienced in business in perspective of the lawsuit. In order to over come such harm, it would be the most prior duty of Manny and Bella take up actions that would cause legally recognisable harm that might be experienced a business further. As per the case scenario it could be stated that an intentional tort has taken place and in such kinds of tort the overt act, some serious for of intent a perfect level of causation is extremely important. The most vital remedy experienced by Manny and Bella in perspective of the tortuous loss that they had undergone by believing on the false statements stated by the manager of Tuscan Ovens are simply the loss over compensation and huge damage over money (Lyster 2011). In limited cases it is being noticed that tort law would consider self help. As per the Australian jurisdiction it is noticed that for a specific performance the defendant should carry out various legal obligations especially in perspective of nuisance matter as in case of Manny and Bella. The legal actions that would be undertaken in perspective of several wrong statements and wrong promises made are noticed to be further modified by the statutes such as the states civil liabilities act. For the false or unreliable promise in supplying an oven that matches the requirement Manny and Bella certain remedies would be experienced by the manager of Tuscan oven like the pecuniary penalties, injunctions damages, high level of compensation orders, various forms of disqualification orders, and even the non punitive orders. In relation to the Australian law the ACCC and the state and territory regulators are often found to make acceptance over the different court enforceable undertakings that for issuing different infringement notices, and public warning notices over running such a business. In such cases for breach over promises the federal court are held responsible for leading claims in perspective of supplying products as required by consumers (Mann, et al 2011). Infringement notices are brought up to the business owner who is held responsible for such kind of acts. As per the case scenario it was found that Manny and Bella discovered the problem that they could only make about 12 pizzas per hour and is totally unreliable. Due to such reason the business is estimated to lose money. The case scenario highlights a situation of strict liability where the defendant that is Manny and Bella could raise a complaint against the manager of Tuscan in perspective of product liability and if the plaintiff could prove that the opposite individual knew about the defect existing within the products some extra castigatory penalties could be imposed on the person in relation to the jurisdiction. As per the Australian law, the remedy that would be experienced by the manager of Tuscan Ovens s to stop the misuse of leased premises and this might further lead to a contempt of court order which supplies with the plaintiff access over enforcement weapons like paying fines or imprisonment for a breach over promises (Martin, et al 201 2). Example cases for breach of promises are Revelations Perfume and Cosmetics Inc. v. Prince Rogers Nelson, in which it was found that the revelation perfume and the cosmetics company charged the well known musician with a Damage of about $1,00,000 for making an agreement to market the perfume of the company, the pop star promised to make the promotion of the products and allowed the company to make use of his name in price packaging of the product, but later he refused to do the promotion for which the court awarded him with the $3million lost profits as well as pay on perspective of damage caused to the company. The court ordered also ordered him to pay an amount of $4million to the cosmetics company. Conclusion In the world of business, problems in relation to business activities and problems in relation to the production of goods are not estimated to be divided into various types of neat packages. The business law practitioner always have to stay familiar with the varied principles of business law so that they are able to supply efficient advice that further would help in overcoming the business oriented problems (Parker, et al 2011). At times various form of business entities are being formed as well as administered so that a new business company or organisation could be engaged in various form of business activities that are legally permeable. Different forms of efforts have been made in order to establish a unified body of law within the United Kingdom so that the uniform commercial code could be successfully achieved. Different form of regulatory schemes are also utilised by business companies so that they establish control over how their business is being conducted. Reference Bagley, C. E., Dauchy, C. E. (2011). The entrepreneur's guide to business law. Nelson Education. Callison, J. W., Sullivan, M. A. (2012). Partnership Law and Practice: General and Limited Partnerships. West. Cane, P., McDonald, L. (2012). Principles of Administrative Law: Legal Regulation of Governance. Oxford University Press. Cejnar, L. (2011). After the global financial crisis: key competition law developments in Australia, the United States, the EU and the UK. Law and Financial Markets Review, 5(3), 201-212. Cole, D. H., Grossman, P. Z. (2011). Principles of Law Economics. Wolters Kluwer Law Business/Aspen Publishers. Friedman, L. M. (2011). Contract law in America: a social and economic case study. Quid Pro Books. Hufnagel, S., Harfield, C., Bronitt, S. (Eds.). (2012). Cross-Border Law Enforcement: Regional Law Enforcement CooperationEuropean, Australian and Asia-Pacific Perspectives. Taylor Francis. Kraakman, R. H. (2009). The anatomy of corporate law: a comparative and functional approach. Oxford University Press on Demand. Latimer, P. (2012). Australian Business Law 2012. CCH Australia Limited. Lyster, R. (2011). REDD+, transparency, participation and resource rights: the role of law. Environmental science policy, 14(2), 118-126. Mann, R., Roberts, B. (2011). Smith and Robersons business law. Cengage Learning. Martin, N. J., Rice, J. L. (2012). Developing renewable energy supply in Queensland, Australia: A study of the barriers, targets, policies and actions. Renewable Energy, 44, 119-127.